The distinctive quality of this fruit derives from Madeira's well-known mild climate, as well as the fertility of the nutrient-rich volcanic soils. But the type of grape cultivated also plays a decisive role in this equation. There are more than 30 Madeira wine varieties. However, the most commonly used today are the noble four - Sercial, Verdelho, Bual and Malvasia - as well as Terrantez and Tinta Negra. When it comes to dry wines, the Sercial variety stands out, with its light colour and smooth flavour, ideal as an aperitif.
Verdelho, in turn, heads the medium-dry wines category, standing out for its golden colour and delicate flavour, ideal for meals.